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:: Volume 21, Issue 1 (Spring 2003) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 21(1): 126-133 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between periodontitis and ischemic heart disease
Hamid Moghaddas Corresponding Author: Dr. * , Amin Motamedi Dr.
Professor
Abstract:   (6234 Views)

Background & Aim: An association between periodontal and other bacterial infections and coronary heart disease/atherosclerosis has recently been observed in both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. The objective of this study was to examine the association between periodontities and (CHD) and coronary atherosclerosis.

Method & Materials: A case-control study was arranged using 76 individuals (52 men, 24 women), with mean age: 51 years who were referred to general hospital for coronary angiography. Gingival attachment loss and coronary atheromatosis was assessed, together with measurement of the established coronary risk factors.

Results: In the logestic regression analysis, odds ratios were 11.7 and 13.14 for attachment loss and CHD coronary atheromatosis. For patients with attachment loss of greater than 6mm. Compared to those with attachment loss of less than 6mm, odds ratio of CHD and "two and  three vessels disease" were 11.7 and 13.4 respectively. Odds ratio of each milileter increase in attachment loss, for CHD was 2.18 individuals with less than 10 teeth compared to those with more than 10 teeth had odds ratio of 3.77 and 4.4 for CHD and "two three vessels disease". No association was obserued between age, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, smoking and CHD, which is not quiet reliable due to the small number of participants.

Conclusion: This observation show s an association between the severity of periodontitis and CHD and atherosclerosis, also supports the proposal that periodontal hnfections play a role in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis.

J Dent Sch 2003 21(1): 126 

Keywords: periodontitis, Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), atherosclerosis
     
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/09/6
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moghaddas H, Motamedi A. Relationship between periodontitis and ischemic heart disease. J Dent Sch. 2003; 21 (1) :126-133
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-730-en.html


Volume 21, Issue 1 (Spring 2003) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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