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:: Volume 21, Issue 2 (Summer 2003) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 21(2): 201-212 Back to browse issues page
Etiology, clinical and laboratory findings in patients with oral lichenoid lesions
Mohammad Reza Zarei Corresponding Author: Dr., Fateme Hossein Nakhaee * , Bita Kamal Alavi Dr.
Abstract:   (8157 Views)

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of idiopathic lichen planus among a group of patients with oral lichenoid changes. Method and Materials: A group of 47 patients with oral lichenoid lesions were evaluated in the department of oral medicine, Kerman dental school. Diagnosis of lichenoid tissue changes was confirmed by histologic examination of tissue biopsies in all cases. Carbohydrate metabolism status and liver function tests were evaluated in all patients. The diagnosis of idiopathic lichen planus was suggested after other causes of lichenoid tissue reactions had been ruled out. Statistical analysis was performed using a X2 and t-test.

Results: The mean age of the study group was 41 years. Oral lichenoid lesions were somewhat more common in females than males of this population (55.3% vs 44.7%). The buccal mucosa and tongue were the most common sites of involvement. The present study showed that idiopatic lichen planus was the cause of oral lesions about in 87.2% of patients. Contact reaction to amalgam restorations was the second common cause of oral lichenoid lesions. Laboratory evaluation showed that 19.4% of lichen planus patients suffered from impaired glucose metabolism. Intrestingly, diabetes mellitus was also reported in 12.9% of lichen planus patients.

Conclusion: This study suggests that oral lichenoid lesions are heterogenous, despite of their clinical and histological similarities and idiopathic lichen planus should be seen as the last diagnosis for a patient with oral lichenoid changes.

J Dent Sch 2003 21(2): 201

Keywords: Lichen planus, Lichenoid reaction, Diabetes mellitus
Full-Text [DOC 249 kb]   (1800 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/09/6
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Zarei M R, Hossein Nakhaee F, Kamal Alavi B. Etiology, clinical and laboratory findings in patients with oral lichenoid lesions. J Dent Sch. 2003; 21 (2) :201-212
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-593-en.html

Volume 21, Issue 2 (Summer 2003) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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