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:: Volume 36, Issue 4 (Fall 2018) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 36(4): 127-130 Back to browse issues page
The effect of music on stress and anxiety of the patients referred to dental clinic
Hamideh Naderzadeh * 1, Javid Peymani2 , Mandana Nasseri Salehabad3
1- Undergraduate Student, Dept. of Psychology, Psychology Faculty, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Psychology, Psychology Faculty, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
3- Associate Prof., Dept. of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (848 Views)
Objectives Dental anxiety often leads to avoidance of patients which may result in significant deterioration of oral health. Non‐pharmacological interventions such as music are increasingly used in dental care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of relaxing music on the stress and anxiety level of dental patients.
Methods In this study, 40 adult patients were randomly divided into two groups of music and control (no intervention). Each group included 10 females and 10 males. Subjects in the music group listened to relaxation music throughout their dental procedure while the control group did not. Pre- and post-tests were performed using the Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Hari’s stress questionnaire in both groups.
Results There were no significant differences between the two groups for baseline data. The mean age of patients in the music and control groups was 37.70±9.29 years and 39.05±5.36 years, respectively. Comparison of moderated means in the intervention and control groups showed that listening to relaxation music caused a reduction in the mean scores of STAI (x=7.746, SE=416, P<0.05) and stress (x=7.746, SE=2.103, P<0.01) in the intervention compared with the control group.
Conclusion This study indicated that relaxing music can decrease the state anxiety and stress of dental patients
Keywords: Anxiety, Dentistry, Music, Stress, Psychological
Full-Text [PDF 434 kb]   (94 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/02/24 | Accepted: 2019/02/24 | Published: 2019/02/24
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Naderzadeh H, Peymani J, Nasseri Salehabad M. The effect of music on stress and anxiety of the patients referred to dental clinic . J Dent Sch. 2018; 36 (4) :127-130
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1714-en.html


Volume 36, Issue 4 (Fall 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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