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:: Volume 21, Issue 3 (Autumn (Special Issue) 2003) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 21(3): 1-8 Back to browse issues page
Maxillofacial fractures in Hamedan province, Iran: a retrospective study (1987-2001)
Mohammad Hossein Ansari Corresponding Author: Dr. *
Assistant Prof.
Abstract:   (5307 Views)

Background & Aim: The objective of this investigation was to determine the causes and incidence of maxillofacial fractures at an emergency hospital in Hamedan, Iran.

Methods & Materials: A total of 2268 patients with 3107 facial fractures treated between 1987-2001, were retrospectively analyzed. The average number of fractures for each patient was 1.37. Data on the patients, age, gender, cause, site, treatment modalities and trauma associated complications were recorded and assessed.

Results: Men 21 to 30 years of age sustained the most facial fractures. The ratio of male to female was 3.84:1. The age range was 4 months to 90 years (mean 24.6 years). Most fractures were caused by motor vehicle accidents, (59.96%) followed by falls, (18.91%) and assaults, (10%). Isolated mandibular fractures, (52.64%) were most common, followed by isolated mid-facial fractures, (29.49%) and alveolar process fractures, (15.07%). 70.85% of patients were treated with closed reduction, 17.76% with open procedures and 11.37% by double approaches. Complications occurred in 5.55% of the patients were directly resulted from trauma.

Conclusion: The incidence and causes of facial fractures reflect trauma patterns within the community and vary from one country to anothre. 

Keywords: maxillofacial fractures, retrospective, trauma, epidemiology
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2010/12/19
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Ansari M H. Maxillofacial fractures in Hamedan province, Iran: a retrospective study (1987-2001). J Dent Sch. 2003; 21 (3) :1-8
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-841-en.html

Volume 21, Issue 3 (Autumn (Special Issue) 2003) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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