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:: Volume 23, Issue 3 (Autumn 2005) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 23(3): 459-466 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of simultaneous consumption of cigarette and opium on periodontal status in patients referred to Ghiansi Medical Centre during 1382
Seyyed Davood Safavi Corresponding Author: Dr. * , Siyavash Rahmati Miandehi Dr., Hamid Farhadi
Associate Prof. , sh_safavi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6811 Views)

Background & Aim: According to previous studies, cigarette and opium consumption can lead to tooth decay and periodontal diseases in the patients, as well as, addiction have a high prevalence in the society. So, this study was carried out for the evaluation of simultaneous consumption of cigarette and opium in patients referred to Ghiasi Medical Centre during 1382.

Methods & Materials: The type of study was case – control with observation and clinical examination as its technique. A total number of 100 patients were selected randomly in two groups (case and control). The cases were had cigarette smoking with opium eating habits at the same time while controls hadn’t. Examinations concerning periodontal status of the selected patients were carried out and the obtained data were analyzed.

Results: The mean age of cases were 34.4 years while it was 33.5 years in controls. In case patients, 12% of them had CPI index of II, 80% CPI index of III, 8% CPI index of IV, when on patients showed indexes of I and 0. In control patients, 4% had index of I, 36% with index of II, 60% with index of III, and on one with index of IV. 96% of the case ones had gingival bleeding, while this rate was 82% in control patients. The mean of teeth surfaces with dental plaque in case group was 90.1% and 74.6% in controls, and the mean of missed teeth was 3.82 in cases comparing to 2.23 in controls.

Conclusion: The study showed poorer in case persons in comparison to controls although periodontal status in all studied patients were not satisfactory.

J Dent Sch 2005 23(3): 14 

Keywords: Simultaneous Consumption, Periodontium, Cigarette, Opium
Full-Text [PDF 182 kb]   (1630 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/09/6
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Safavi S D, Rahmati Miandehi S, farhadi H. Evaluation of simultaneous consumption of cigarette and opium on periodontal status in patients referred to Ghiansi Medical Centre during 1382. J Dent Sch. 2005; 23 (3) :459-466
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-692-en.html


Volume 23, Issue 3 (Autumn 2005) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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