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:: Volume 22, Issue 4 (Winter 2005) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 22(4): 652-662 Back to browse issues page
Stress distribution of maxillary first molar PDL with high pull head gear traction: A Finite Element Analysis
Mohammad Farahani Corresponding Author: Dr. *1, Majid Ghasemianpour Bavandi Dr., Shirin Shahnaseri
Abstract:   (8719 Views)

Purpose: Application of heavy forces to maxillary dentition during treatment with headgear, induces high concentration of stresses in periodontal tissue. Quantification of this stress is of great concern in orthodontics. This study was designed to investigate the quantity and quality of stress response in the PDL of maxillary first molar which was subjected to high pull headgear traction using Finite Element method. Methods and Material: In an experimental study, a three-dimensional finite element model of maxillary dentition, consisting of 17096 elements and 23013 nodes, was developed based on a young human skull. The forces were applied to the maxillary first molar in the stabilized Arch by means of a rectangular full size arch wire in (022) slot bracket. Mechanical properties of this model were based on previous studies. A 350 gram force was used for high pull headgear to affect the dentition (+30 degree) and stress distribution was investigated in buccal, palatal, mesial and distal side and in cervical, middle, apical sections of the PDL. The quantity of stresses were expressed as principal stresses (1,2,3), while the negative and positive signs indicated compressive and tensile stresses.

Results: The buccal surface of PDL of mesiobuccal root and the buccal, palatal and distal surface in cervical region of PDL of distobuccal root and the distal surface of the PDL of palatal root had received a great deal of stresses, in addition, the over all stress distribution in roots of molar had intrusive nature.

Conclusion: The extension of high stress concentration areas observed after using high pull headgear is limited to some root surfaces specially the distobuccal root.

J Dent Sch 2005 22(4): 652 

Keywords: Stress distribution, Stress, Strain, Elastic behaviour
Full-Text [PDF 479 kb]   (1418 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2006/09/6
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Farahani M, Ghasemianpour Bavandi M, Shahnaseri S. Stress distribution of maxillary first molar PDL with high pull head gear traction: A Finite Element Analysis. J Dent Sch. 2005; 22 (4) :652-662
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-389-en.html


Volume 22, Issue 4 (Winter 2005) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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