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:: Volume 35, Number 1 (winter 2017) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 35(1): 15-23 Back to browse issues page
Clinical Characteristics of Temporomandibular Disorders in Patients Admitted to a Dental School Clinic in Turkey
Güzin Neda Hasanoğlu Erbasar , Cansu Alpaslan
Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey , neda986@gmail.com
Abstract:   (52 Views)

Objectives: This study was undertaken to observe the frequency of different diagnostic groups for temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in patients who sought treatment for TMD in an outpatient clinic of a dental school.

Methods: Files of patients who received a diagnosis of TMD in a period of 24 months were evaluated. Clinical and demographic data extracted from 213 patient files meeting the inclusion criteria were analyzed.

Results: According to the classification of RDC/TMD, 100 patients were diagnosed with myofascial pain and 113 patients were diagnosed with disc displacement. Myofascial pain was the most common diagnosis among women; disc displacement with reduction (DDwR) was the most common diagnosis in men. Self-reported bruxism was reported by 59% of the patients. The amount of maximal mouth opening showed a statistically significant difference among patients with different clinical diagnoses and also between males and females (P<0.05). The mean visual analog scale (VAS) score was 4.9±2.4 in all diagnostic subgroups, and pain severity was higher in female patients but not significantly (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Demographic characteristics of patients with TMD presenting to a dental school clinic in Ankara, Turkey were similar to those reported in the literature. A thorough anamnesis can provide more detailed information about parafunctional activity and sociodemographic factors and enhance accurate diagnosis.

Keywords: Temporomandibular Joint Disorders, Myofascial Pain Syndromes, Temporomandibular Joint Disc, Bruxism
Full-Text [PDF 248 kb]   (30 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/10/15 | Accepted: 2017/01/8 | Published: 2017/07/3
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Hasanoğlu Erbasar G N, Alpaslan C. Clinical Characteristics of Temporomandibular Disorders in Patients Admitted to a Dental School Clinic in Turkey. J Dent Sch. 2017; 35 (1) :15-23
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1572-en.html
Volume 35, Number 1 (winter 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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