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:: Volume 32, Number 4 (Fall 2014) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 32(4): 197-201 Back to browse issues page
Efficacy of Educational Film for Enhancing Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Performance of Elementary Students
Azam Goodarzi, Alireza Heidarnia *, Shamseddin Niknami, Maryam Heidarnia
Associate Professor , Hidarnia@modares .ac.ir
Abstract:   (1017 Views)
Objective: Oral hygiene must start at a young age. Childhood is the perfect time to start the conversion of knowledge into creative thinking and subsequent health care activity. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of oral hygiene instruction via an educational film for oral health promotion of elementary students. Methods: In this experimental, interventional, before and after study, data were collected using an author-designed questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed using face validity while its reliability was approved using Cronbach’s alpha statistics. The study population comprised of all four graders of an elementary school in district 14 of Tehran in 2012-2013. An educational package containing an educational film on oral hygiene suitable for children aged 10-12 years was prepared and a questionnaire was designed according to the educational content of the film. The questionnaires were filled by the students before and two weeks after watching the film. Data were analyzed using paired t-test at 0.05 level of significance. Results: Significant differences were noted in level of knowledge, attitude and function of students after the intervention compared to their baseline state. According to t-test, the mean knowledge, the mean attitude and the mean short-term performance scores after the intervention were 15.43 (0.9 increase) (p<0.05), 28.11 (9.35 increase) (p<0.001) and 26.79 (9.02 increase) (p<0.001) respectively. Conclusion: This study indicated the positive effect of instruction via an educational film on knowledge, attitude and short-term performance of students in terms of oral hygiene. Health workers must plan such effective interventions to promote public dental health.
Keywords: Educational film, Hygiene instruction, Oral and dental health, Students
Full-Text [PDF 45 kb]   (422 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/01/13 | Accepted: 2015/01/13 | Published: 2015/01/13
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Goodarzi A, Heidarnia A, Niknami S, Heidarnia M. Efficacy of Educational Film for Enhancing Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Performance of Elementary Students. J Dent Sch. 2014; 32 (4) :197-201
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1342-en.html
Volume 32, Number 4 (Fall 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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