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:: Volume 32, Number 2 (Spring 2014) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 32(2): 90-95 Back to browse issues page
Soft tissue facial profile and anteroposterior lip positioning in Iranians
F Ghorbany Javadpour *, M Khanemasjedi
Assistant Professor Dept. of Orthodontics , fa.ghorbanyjavad@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1904 Views)

  Objective: Since orthodontic and orthognathic treatment planningin each ethnic group must be done according to the soft tissue facial characteristicsregarded as beauty,they thus vary from country to country.The main purpose of this articlewas to determine the mean range of the middle third of soft tissue facial profile and anteroposterior lip positioningusing 3angular and 2 linear measurements in adult male and female Iraniansto compare withEuropean standards.

  Methods: After clinical examination of 180 dental students, 70 Iranian adults who had normal occlusionaged between 21 to 29 years (mean:24.5 years) were selected(35 malesand 35females). After obtaining consent form,lateral cephalogramswere taken in natural head position (NHP) (as seen in a mirror) and analyzed according to the Rickets(E-Line),Tweed-Merrifield(Z-angle) and Holdaway(H-angle).For comparison of data with standards, the One-Sample-t-test and for comparison of measurements between groups, Independent Sample-t-test was used.

  Results: Radiographic evaluation revealed that all Iranian samples had significant differences with European standards with no differences between males and females. In the Rickets (E-Line)analysis, both upper (p<0.001)and lower(p<0.01) lips were behind the E-line. In the Tweed-Merrifield (Z-angle) analysis this angle in the Iranian sample was smaller (p<0.001) and in the Holdaway (H-angle) analysis our sample had smaller H-angle as well (p<0.001).

  Conclusion: Iranian adults have retruded upper and lower lip position in both sexes and more convex profile thanEuropean standards thismay be due to a more retruded position of the chin and lips or more prominence of the nose in Iranian samples.

Keywords: Holdaway analysis, Iranian adults, Lateral cephalogram, Ricketts esthetic analysis, Soft tissue profile, Tweed-Merrifield analysis.
Full-Text [PDF 314 kb]   (642 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/04/22 | Accepted: 2014/04/22 | Published: 2014/04/22
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Ghorbany Javadpour F, Khanemasjedi M. Soft tissue facial profile and anteroposterior lip positioning in Iranians. J Dent Sch. 2014; 32 (2) :90-95
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1241-en.html
Volume 32, Number 2 (Spring 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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