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:: Volume 31, Number 4 (Fall 2013) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 31(4): 210-215 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Effect of Three LED Light Modes and Conventional QTH Curing Light on Shear Bond Strength of Composite to Dentin
Azita Kaviani, Fatemeh Dabaghi Tabriz *, Kaveh Khalaj, Amar Neshati
Postgraduate Student Dept. of Operative Dentistry , dabaghi.f@ajums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2076 Views)

  Objective: Shear bond strength is an important property inherent to the durability of tooth-colored restorative materials namely composite resins. It has been years that halogen light sources have been used for polymerization of composite resins. In recent years Light Emitting Diodes (LED) have been introduced for this purpose. With respect to their longer bulb life, needless of a filter and no heat production, the demand for their use has increased. This study aimed to compare three different LED curing-lights with conventional Quartz Tungsten Halogen (QTH) lights to assess their effects on shear bond strength of composite to dentin.

  Methods: In this laboratory study, 60sound caries-free premolar teeth, after disinfection with sodium hypochlorite and cleaning with a scaler, were divided into four groups of 15. After the specimens had their dentin surface exposed with a metal disc, the composite restoration was done. The restorations in each group were done using Single Bond bonding agent and cured with the QTH light curing units and three different LED curing devices. Next, the strength of each bond was measured with an Instron Machine. The results were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test.

  Results: Analysis of the data with one-way ANOVA revealed statistically significant differences between the groups (p<0.05). The greatest bond strength related to the LED light in ramp mode with 114.68 Newtons (N) or 22.94megapascals (MPa).The lowest related to the pulsed-LED with a mean of 70.35N (14.70 MPa). In pair wise comparison of the 4 groups with Tukey’s test, all groups with the exception of QTH with a mean of 99 N (19.80 MPa) and the conventional LED with a mean of 86.78N (17.35 MPa), had a significant difference (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Our study showed that the use of LED light in ramp mode had better results compared to the QTH light source (control group) (p=0.38). Conventional LED light was comparable to the QTH light as well (p=0.169).
Keywords: LED, Light curing unit, Polymerization shrinkage, QTH, Shear Bond Strength, Stress
Full-Text [PDF 94 kb]   (710 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/11/16 | Accepted: 2013/11/16 | Published: 2013/11/16
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Kaviani A, Dabaghi Tabriz F, Khalaj K, Neshati A. Comparison of the Effect of Three LED Light Modes and Conventional QTH Curing Light on Shear Bond Strength of Composite to Dentin. J Dent Sch. 2013; 31 (4) :210-215
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1176-en.html
Volume 31, Number 4 (Fall 2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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