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:: Volume 31, Issue 1 (winter 2013) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 31(1): 52-59 Back to browse issues page
The Prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorders in Patients Referred to the Prosthodontics Department of Shahid Beheshti Dental School in Fall 2010
Farhad Tabatabaian Dr., Abolfazl Saboury Corresponding Author: Dr. *, Hadi Kaseb Ghane Dr.
Associate Professor dept. of Prosthodontics , a_saboury@yahoo.co
Abstract:   (2520 Views)

Objective: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are among the most common disorders of the maxillofacial region and are often characterized by pain and dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint(TMJ) and muscles of mastication. Due to the presence of several diagnostic criteria for such disorders, the reported prevalence rates for TMDs have been variable in different communities. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of TMDs in patients presenting to the Prosthodontics Department of Shahid Beheshti Dental School (SBDS) in fall 2010.

Methods: In this descriptive study, 150 patients presenting to the Prosthodontics Department of SBDS (86 females and 64 males) were randomly selected and evaluated by using a questionnaire (subjectively) and clinical examinations (objectively). Presence and prevalence of various symptoms of TMDs such as clicking and tenderness on palpation in the muscles of mastication and the TMJ were evaluated in patients. Statistical comparisons were carried out using Chi-square test.

Results: Clicking, masticatory muscle and joint tenderness, TMDs, and limitation of mouth opening were found in 21.3%, 18.7%, 5.3%, 18.7% and 1.3% of patients, respectively. Despite the higher prevalence of TMDs in females, the difference in this regard between males and females was not statistically significant (39.3% in men versus 60.7% in women).

Conclusion: Based on the obtained results, the prevalence of TMDs and its related symptoms was 18.7% in patients presenting to the Prosthodontics Department of SBDS in fall 2010. This value was lower than the rates reported in the literature.

Keywords: Temporomandibular disorders, Prevalence, Tenderness
Full-Text [PDF 76 kb]   (879 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/05/18 | Accepted: 2013/08/31 | Published: 2013/08/31
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Tabatabaian F, Saboury A, Kaseb Ghane H. The Prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorders in Patients Referred to the Prosthodontics Department of Shahid Beheshti Dental School in Fall 2010. J Dent Sch. 2013; 31 (1) :52-59
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1112-en.html
Volume 31, Issue 1 (winter 2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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