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:: Volume 30, Number 3 (Fall 2012) ::
J Dent Sch GYEAR__, 30(3): 184-191 Back to browse issues page
The effect of various amounts of nanohydroxyapatite on the mechanical properties and remineralization of a fissure sealant
Dr. Roza Haghgoo, Dr. Mohammad Ataei, Dr. Sara Tavassoli Hojjati, Corresponding Author: Dr. Somayeh Kameli *, Dr. Sara Rahimian Imam
Postgraduate Student Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry , so.kameli@shahed.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4396 Views)

Objective: The main reason for failure in application of fissure sealant is its loss of bond to tooth and development of secondary decays. Nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite have convenient biologic properties and we can try to benefit from these characteristics by adding them to repair materials. The present study was performed with the aim to assess the effect of addition of various amount nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite on mechanical properties such as microshear bond strength and physical properties like curing depth and degree of conversion as well as evaluation of teeth enamel remineralization.

Methods: In the present laboratory experimental studydifferent weight percentages comprising 0% (control), 1%, 3%, 5%, 10% and 15% of nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite with 50 nm dimensions were separately added to fissure sealant. Then degree ofconversiontest by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and curing depth according to ISO 4049 standard were performed on prepared samples. For the microshearbond strength test 35 premolar teeth without caries were used. The substance properties measurement device (Zwick) was used to do the test. Remineralization of permanent teeth enamel was assessed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Raw data obtained were statistically analyzed by normal distribution test (Kolmogorov-Smirnov), one way ANOVA and Tukey Post Hoc.

Results: Results showed that microshear bond strength and degree of conversion had no significant difference in various concentrations of fissure sealant containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (P>0/05). Between microshear bond strength and degree of conversion means of 3M commercial fissure sealant and usual fissure sealant there was no significant difference (P>0/05). Curing depth in concentrations of 10% (P=0) and 15% (P=0) statistically significantly decreased compared to previous groups (P<0/05). Curing depth of 3M commercial fissure sealant group was lower compared to conventional fissure sealant group (P=0) and the difference was statistically significant (P<0/05). A remineralized region on the surface between the fissure sealant and tooth enamel was observed by SEM. This region was more remarkable in higher concentrations.

Conclusion: Fissure sealant containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles with effect on remineralization on the surface of tooth enamel can lead to reduction of micro-leakages and prevention of development of secondary caries while mechanical properties do not decline.

Keywords: Fissure sealant, Hydroxyapatite nanoparticle, Microshear bond strength, Degree of Conversion, Curing depth, Remineralization
Full-Text [PDF 194 kb]   (2333 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2012/10/29
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Haghgoo R, Ataei M, Tavassoli Hojjati S, Kameli S, Rahimian Imam S. The effect of various amounts of nanohydroxyapatite on the mechanical properties and remineralization of a fissure sealant. J Dent Sch. 2012; 30 (3) :184-191
URL: http://jds.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1031-en.html
Volume 30, Number 3 (Fall 2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشکده دندانپزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal
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